The Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) is a protected area and a World Heritage Site located 180 km (110 mi) west of Arusha - Tanzania. The area is named after Ngorongoro Crater, a large volcanic caldera within the area. This area became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. And from 2009 the Tanzania Government restricted human use of Ngorongoro Crater and created a legal framework to politically scheme to displace traditional pastoralists who used to be there, in general this area is part of the Serengeti ecosystem and, to the northwest, adjoins the Serengeti National Park and is contiguous with the southern Serengeti plains, these plains also extend to the north into the unprotected Loliondo.
This is the main feature of the Ngorongoro Conservation Authority and it’s the world's largest inactive, intact and unfilled volcanic caldera, the crater was formed by volcanic eruption three million years ago when a large volcano exploded and collapsed on itself. in February 2013 the Crater was voted by Seven Natural Wonders as one of the Seven Natural Wonders of Africa in Arusha, Tanzania
Wildlife in crater
The creter is rich with Approximately 25,000 large animals, including the black rhinoceros , the African buffalo or Cape buffalo the hippopotamus the blue wildebeest, Grant's zebra ,the common eland , Waterbucks , crocodiles ,few Impala , East African wild dog , and African leopard. All this animals are not staying there because they are confined by the Crater walls, No, they can leave freely , but stii they opt not to move and they stay because conditions are favorable. Since most of the Crater floor is grassland with big trees which provide shadow for them to enjoy as we human do.
Birdlife viewing sport
If your bird’s lover here is the place for you, you can see of birds like ostriches, Stonechat, Anteater Chat, Schalow’s Wheatear, Fiscal Shrike. Augur Buzzards, Verreaux’s, Eagle, bustards and plovers all the year. But in wet season the migration from European birds start and you may experience the birds like White Storks, Yellow Wagtails, swallows and many more, similarly flamingos will be there depending with the ponds availability.
The gorge is named after 'Oldupaai', the Maasai word for the wild sisal plant, It is situated in the plains area and It is considered to be the seat of humanity after the discovery of the earliest known specimens of the human genus, Homo habilis as well as early hominidae, The Olduvai Gorge is a steep-sided ravine in the Great Rift Valley, which stretches along eastern Africa. And lie on the eastern Serengeti Plains in northern Tanzania and is about 50 kilometres (31 mi) long and shared the rain shadow of the Ngorongoro highlands and is the driest part of the region.
It is one of the most important prehistoric sites in the world and research there has been instrumental in furthering understanding of early human evolution. Excavation work there was pioneered by Mary and Louis Leakey in the 1950s and is continued today by their family. Some believe that millions of years ago, the site was that of a large lake, the shores of which were covered with successive deposits of volcanic ash.
Apart from other attractions Visitors will have the chance to see the first skull of Zinjanthropus, commonly known as ‘Nutcracker Man’ who lived about 1.75 millions years ago, was found here. The most important find include Home habilis, Zinjathropus and the Laetoli footprints.
Timing and good visiting plan for ngorongoro
Best Time ; June to September
General wildlife viewing is best
High Season; Most of the year – July to March
The Ngorongoro Crater will have crowds of visitors
Low Season; April and May
The only time when the crater has few crowds
Best Weather; June to October
Rainfall is little to none
Worst Weather; March and April
Peak of Wet season and rainfalls
Timing and good visiting plan for ngorongoro
Wildlife is easier to spot when the grass is shorter in the Dry season(highly recommended to visit this time)
The Ngorongoro crater gets very crowded during High season
Ngorongoro Crater offers excellent wildlife viewing, even in the Wet season of the year
The scenery is green and beautiful
Low season occurs in April and May – tourists are fewer, and there may be better rates to save your budget
In November to May birding is in its prime due to the presence of migratory birds in ngorongoro
Except for in March, April and May, rains are mostly short afternoon storms and seldom interfere with your trip
March to May is the peak of the Wet season(It is cold during the nights and mornings, so it is important to pack warm clothing)