The Serengeti National Park is a Tanzanian national park in the Serengeti ecosystem in the Mara and Simiyu regions It is famous for its annual migration of over 1.5 million white-bearded wildebeest and 250,000 zebra and for its numerous Nile crocodile and honey badger, this make serengeti the Tanzania's oldest national park and remains the flagship of the country's tourism industry, providing a major draw to the Northern Safari Circuit encompassing Lake Manyara National Park, Tarangire National Park, Arusha National Park and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. It has over 2,500 lions and more than 1 million wildebeest.
People of the Maasai Tribe called it Siringitu – ‘the place where the land moves on forever.’ The Serengeti is known as one of the best wildlife sanctuary in the world. The Maasai people had been grazing their livestock in the open plains of eastern Mara Region, which they named "endless plains," for around 200 years until when, the British government evicted the resident Maasai from the park in 1959 and moved them to the Ngorongoro Conservation Area.
The park lies in northwestern Tanzania, bordered to the north by the Kenyan border, where it is continuous with the Maasai Mara National Reserve. To the southeast of the park is the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, to the southwest lies Maswa Game Reserve, to the west are the Ikorongo and Grumeti Game Reserves, and to the northeast and east lies the Loliondo Game Control Area. Together, these areas form the larger Serengeti ecosystem, and cover 14,750 square kilometres.
Serengeti wildlife can be categorized in three parts which defines well the wildlife experience, such.
Serengeti plains; his is where the wildebeest breed, as they remain in the plains from December to May. Other hoofed animals - zebra, gazelle, impala, hartebeest, topi, buffalo, waterbuck - also occur in huge numbers during the wet season. "Kopjes" are granite florations that are very common in the region, and they are great observation posts for predators, as well as a refuge for hyrax and pythons.
Western corridor: the black clay soil covers the savannah of this region. The Grumeti River and its gallery forests is home to Nile crocodiles, patas monkeys, hippopotamus, and martial eagles.
Northern Serengeti: the landscape is dominated by open woodlands (predominantly Commiphora) and hills, ranging from Seronera in the south to the Mara River on the Kenyan border. Apart from the migratory wildebeest and zebra (which occur from July to August, and in November), this is the best place to find elephant, giraffe, and dik dik.
MIGRATION IN THE SERENGETI
The Great Wildebeest Migration – every year more than million wildebeest, gazelles and zebra moves through Serengeti to Maasai Mara, this is mainly due to different ecosystem to search for green pastures. The migration is one of the wonders of the world.
GOOD TIMING FOR MIGRATION IN SERENGETI
Generally this is highly depending with the rainfall; although there are two main events of the Serengeti's migration, when the herds are the most concentrated.
July - October: wildebeest in this time are in the northern Serengeti plains, and the chance to see up to thousands of them crossing the great Mara River
Ndutu Lodge and Kusini are the only permanent lodges in the area;
Kusini is best towards the end of the period whereas Ndutu Lodge works throughout.
December - March: this migration is from southern Ndutu plains of the Serengeti, and it is calving season. Here you can see herds on the plains of the south
Asilia's Dunia Camp is also a good option at the beginning of December and again when the herds push north in March
April - May: Migration from north into the plains of the southern Serengeti heading to the Western Corridor and centre of the park at Seronera
Here you have several options such as Asilia's Dunia Camp, Grumeti River Camp, Kirawira and Mbalageti Lodge, or any central of park hotels such as Serena hotel, or Sopa hotel.
Through experience, at this time herds can be anywhere in the park, from the Western corridor to the Eastern side of the park.
One group tends to cross from the Western Corridor and pass the Grumeti River before leaving the park to enter Singita Grumeti Reserves.
To experience this western migration, you may stay at on of the following;
Grumeti River Camp, Faru Faru, Sasakwa, Sabora, Mbalageti Lodge and Kirawira for the Western corrido
Another group will cross from north of the Serengeti, passing straight up the middle through Seronera, Lobo and until reaching the Bologonja river area near Loliondo reserve at Kleins, at eastern border
We recommend Kogatende permanent lodges, Serengeti Lamai and Sayari Camp.
In this migration the herds migrate from Northern Serengeti at Kogatende as well as in Kenya’s Masai Mara, here the visitors can see migration to north and south as well.
This is second Great Migration south heading the fertile lands of the Ndutu plains, is expected that rain has already rejuvenate green pasture, since the heard was there early in the year
Here its adviced to stay in the mobile camps which move with the migrations, such as Olakira camp,lemala Serengeti,under canvas,singita explore and kati kati camp